Explain Health, nutrition and disease information
Explain Health Title




       Easy to understand articles
       about important health topics



   


Homepage



Vitamins and Minerals

Diets and Weightloss

Nutritional Supplements

Nutritional Value of Foods

Food Additives

General Nutrition



Diseases and Disorders

Signs and Symptoms

Medications

Medical Testing

Surgery and Procedures

First Aid and Self Care



Exercise and Fitness

Sleep and Relaxation

Women´s Health & Pregnancy

Pediatrics

Substance Abuse & Recovery

Elderly Care




Causes and Symptoms of
Vitamin B1 Deficiency (Thiamine)

There are a number of causes of Vitamin B1 deficiency. The most basic cause is simply a person not consuming foods with enough Vitamin B1, however this is rare in first world countries. Problems with the absorption of Vitamin B1 in the small intestines can also result in a deficiency. One of the most common reasons this happens is consuming too much alcohol, however, there are a number of diseases that can result in a condition where Thiamine is not absorbed correctly. Symptoms related to low levels of energy in the person are the most common since energy production in the cells requires vitamin B1. The proper functioning of brain cells requires large amounts of energy making the effects quite dramatic and very visible when normal brain functioning is impaired by a lack of energy.

Vitamin B1 deficiency has a number of basic symptoms associated with it. Supplementation or an increase in vitamin B1 nutritional levels can typically reverse the symptoms quickly. The initial stages of cellular starvation are the cause of most symptoms. The energy required to function is no longer present in the cells. Memory loss, irritability and depression frequently occur in individuals with Vitamin B1 deficiency.  A short term deficiency of Vitamin B1 in the muscle cells will lead to muscle tenderness, weakness and fatigue. Symptoms such as slowed reflexes, poor coordination, pins and needles can result in areas throughout the body.  The person will generally feel tired, both mentally and physically.

Vitamin B1 deficiency has three general causes. The foods eaten not containing enough Thiamine is the first cause.  Improper preparation of foods or poor food choices can be the cause of this. The destruction or removal of Vitamin B1 is easy to do accidentally while boiling or cooking.

 The amount of vitamin B1 absorbed from foods can be reduced a great deal by diseases that affect the small intestine.  The over consumption of alcohol is the most common reason for a deficiency of vitamin B1 in the western world. The small intestines are prevented from absorbing a number of nutrients including thiamine by alcohol.

A disease known as Beriberi will result from long term, more severe cases of a deficiency in vitamin B1. Death can result from this severe condition. Emotional imbalances such as anger or depression, pain in the extremities, muscle weakness and extreme weight loss are among Beriberi disease symptoms. Temporary loss of control of the use of arms and legs often occurs. The effect on the heart is the most dangerous part of Beriberi disease; at this severity level, congestive heart failure and death are real possibilities as a result of a deficiency of Vitamin B1.


Korsakoff syndrome and/or Wernicke’s encephalopathy are other conditions that can develop either in association with or individually with Beriberi disease. Impaired sensory perception, amnesia, loss of motor skill control and mental confusion can all result. The patient can become uncontrollable and deranged with these mental conditions. A great deal of the damage cannot be reversed when the deficiency of Thiamine reaches the stages resulting from these disorders and symptoms. It is vital to note that chronic alcohol abuse is the major cause of severe cases of Thiamine deficiency. The  mental symptoms of these disorders are combined with drunkenness in many cases.

A deficiency of vitamin B1 can be caused by either gastrointestinal disease or alcohol presence resulting in the nutrient being improperly absorbed.  In certain parts of the world, there is also a possibility of an inadequate intake of Vitamin B1.  Mild symptoms such as mental confusion or weakness can be present or more severe symptoms such as cardiac arrest or paralysis can be present. Proper nutrition can quickly reverse most symptoms in all but the most serious cases where damage to the internal organs or brain has already occurred.

Reviewed:  Peter Sedesse, MD


Explain-Health.com does not provide medical diagnosis or treatment.  Read our full disclaimer
Please read our  Privacy Policy
© Copyright 2011  www.explain-health.com
admin@explain-health.com
legend blue 11s michael kors outlet beats by dre outlet michael kors outlet online cheap jordans jordan 6 black infrared black infrared 6s jordan 6 black infrared jordan retro 6 jordan 11 legend blue beats by dre cheap jordan 11 legend blue louis vuitton outlet cheap oakley sunglasses beats by dre cheap Lebron 11 jordan 6 black infrared black infrared 6s legend blue 11s louis vuitton outlet lebron 12 michael kors outlet legend blue 11s kate spade outlet lebron 11 black infrared 6s lebron 12 lebron 12 legend blue 11s louis vuitton outlet uggs black friday uggs black friday black infrared 6s jordan 11 legend blue uggs black friday jordan 11 legend blue jordan 6 black infrared sac louis vuitton legend blue 11s beats by dre cheap sac louis vuitton jordan 11 legend blue michael kors outlet lebron 12 jordan 11 legend blue coach factory outlet legend blue 11s black infrared 6s jordan 11 legend blue jordan 11 louis vuitton outlet jordan 11 legend blue jordan 11 legend blue jordan 11 legend blue louis vuitton outlet beats by dre outlet Nike kd vii Easy Money jordan retro 11 louis vuitton outlet louis vuitton outlet lebron 12 jordan 11 legend blue beats by dre outlet michael kors outlet lebron 11 sac louis vuitton jordan 11 Legend Blue jordan 11 legend blue 11s black infrared 6s north face black friday louis vuitton outlet louis vuitton outlet jordan 6 black infrared north face black friday north face black friday louis vuitton outlet jordan 11 legend blue louis vuitton outlet uggs black friday